Conceiving a baby is one of the most emotional moments for a woman in her life. But not all pregnancies end up in the successful delivery of a child. Many women face health complications and sickness during pregnancy. Miscarriage is one of the most common pregnancy-related issues face by women. According to a recent study, Indian women are more prone to miscarriage or spontaneous abortions without medical means as compared to other ethnicities. More than 80% women miscarry in their first trimester that is why most of them wait to announce the news after 13 weeks.
What is a miscarriage?
Miscarriage is a term which is used when a pregnancy terminates on its own within first twenty weeks of pregnancy.
Miscarriage is common among women, but it is physically as well as emotionally overwhelming experience.
What are causes of miscarriage?
There are many stereotypical reasons associated with miscarriage which are nothing but myths. Miscarriage is often associated with sins and misdeeds of a person; the actions of the woman suffering from a miscarriage is often blamed for the mishap. But, it is untrue.
The most common cause of a miscarriage is the improper development of an embryo in the uterus.
These are some of the most common causes of a miscarriage are as follows:
Imbalance of hormones: Inadequate level of progesterone hormone in a woman is responsible for miscarriage in many women. Low levels of progesterone prevent the fertilized egg from getting implanted in the uterus.
Genetics: During fertilization, sperm and egg each bring 23 chromosomes to form a perfect 23 pairs of chromosomes and a minor glitch in this process can result in miscarriage in women. Genetics is the number one cause of miscarriage in women. The chances of these glitches increase with age.
High Fever: A high fever can cause miscarriage in women. It is said that high temperature up to 102 degrees in early pregnancy can cause damage to developing embryo in first 6 weeks.
Chronic Diseases: Diseases such as diabetes, tuberculosis, diseases of liver and kidney can cause spontaneous abortions in women. If you have been suffering from chronic illness, find a good obstetrician which will help you with a safe pregnancy.
Uterine Defects: Uterine Defects such as cystic fibrosis, uterus cancer, genital malformation can contribute to miscarriage during early pregnancy. These defects can stop the egg from getting successfully implanted in the uterus.
Lifestyle factors such as excessive drinking, intake of drugs, smoking, extreme exertion are also responsible for miscarriage in women.
What are symptoms of a miscarriage?
The symptoms of miscarriage are often confused with normal symptoms of pregnancy. Read here to know signs of miscarriage :
- The most common symptom of miscarriage is bleeding. Bleeding may vary from light spotting to heavy bleeding, which is worse than a normal period. The amount of blood that is discharged during miscarriages often overwhelms women in miscarriage.
- Abdominal pain or cramps is another major symptom of a miscarriage. The pain can be dull, sharp or severe. This pain is accompanied by pain in the back or in the abdomen.
- Vaginal discharge is also a symptom of miscarriage.
- Some women do not experience any visible symptoms of miscarriage and only know about the miscarriage after an antenatal appointment with the gynaecologist or an ultrasound scan. This is known as missed miscarriage.
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms.
- Ultrasound Scans: Ultrasound scans help in knowing the growth of the embryo in a pregnancy. While in transvaginal ultrasound scans, a small device is placed inside the uterus to check the heartbeat of the foetus.
Blood Tests: Blood tests are done to check the levels of progesterone and hCG- both the hormones are responsible for pregnancy health.
Pelvic Examinations: These examinations help in determining whether the cervix has thinned or opened out.
Can the miscarriage be stopped?
Sadly, miscarriage cannot be stopped once it has started. It is necessary to visit your gynaecologist to avoid haemorrhaging/infection.
When can you try for a baby after a miscarriage?
It is often advised to wait for a certain amount of time before trying for a baby. The couple needs to emotionally recover from the loss of a child before they try for a new child. The woman needs ample of emotional support from her family to recover the emotional and physical agony of a miscarriage.
How to cope up with the agony of a miscarriage?
- Seek out help in breaking out the news if you are in an emotionally vulnerable state.
- Don’t take negative comments to heart: Some people do not realise how intense is miscarriage for a couple and may end up telling emotionally overwhelming.
- Do not delve into it: Miscarriage is indeed overwhelming, but delving into it will do no good. Help yourself and your partner from coming out of the loss and grief.
- Do not self-loathe or blame yourself: Miscarriage happens because of complexities and not because of your deeds, sins, behaviour or course of action. One should not hold themselves responsible for miscarriage and move on in life.
- Stay with your loved ones: Try staying with your loved ones and well-wishers. This will help you in a speedy recovery. Try to distract yourself by indulging yourself in some recreational activities.